Salone News

Sierra Leone Competes with Nigeria on Corruption.

10 November 2006 at 22:16 | 543 views

According to Transparency International, Haiti, Myanmar and Iraq are perceived as the most corrupt countries in the world while Finland is seen as the cleanest, the respected global graft watchdog reported recently.

An Agence France Presse report quoted Transparency International (TI) which, in its annual Corruption Perceptions Index covering 163 countries noted that some of the world’s poorest nations were also the most sleaze-ridden, undermining international development efforts.

"Corruption traps millions in poverty," the chairwoman of the Berlin-based non-governmental organization, Huguette Labelle, said in a statement.

"Despite a decade of progress in establishing anti-corruption laws and regulations, today’s results indicate that much remains to be done before we see meaningful improvements in the lives of the world’s poorest citizens."

On the 2005 list, the worst levels in perceived corruption were in Chad, Bangladesh and Turkmenistan.

The index score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by business people and country analysts and ranges between zero, which is highly corrupt, and 10, which is very clean.

TI said that corruption was shockingly rampant worldwide with almost three-quarters of the countries in the report scoring below five, including all low-income countries and all but two African states.

The worst levels of corruption were seen in Haiti, which scored just 1.8, followed by Myanmar, Iraq and Guinea, which tied at 1.9.

Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad, Bangladesh, Uzbekistan and Equatorial Guinea rounded out the bottom 10 countries.

Wealthy democracies topped the list, confirming the link between anti-sleaze efforts and prosperity.

Finland, Iceland and New Zealand scored a near-perfect 9.6, followed by Denmark (9.5), Singapore (9.4), Sweden (9.2) and Switzerland (9.1).

Norway, Australia and the Netherlands also made the top 10.

TI noted that while industrialized nations scored high on this year’s index, corruption scandals continued to rock many of them.

A significant worsening in perceived levels of corruption was seen in Brazil, Cuba, Israel, Jordan, Laos, Seychelles, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia and the United States, which dropped to joint 20th place from 17th last year, with a score of 7.3.

Algeria, Czech Republic, India, Japan, Latvia, Lebanon, Mauritius, Paraguay, Slovenia, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uruguay showed a marked drop in graft, TI said.

The organization noted that the index includes only those countries that feature in at least three surveys, meaning that many nations — including some which could be among the most corrupt — were missing from the list.

TI said that many countries’ weak performance could be blamed in part on "faciliators of corruption" who help political elites launder or protect unjustly acquired wealth, including looted state assets.

"The presence of willing intermediaries — who are often trained in or who operate from leading economies — encourages corruption," TI said in the report.

"It means the corrupt know there will be a banker, accountant, lawyer or other specialist ready to help them generate, move or store their illicit income."

TI called for a number of measures to fight such facilitation including the adoption of corruption-specific codes of conduct by professional associations, professional training to ensure honest intermediaries do not become unwitting accomplices and legal sanctions for professionals who enable corruption.

It also urged stronger scrutiny of the role of non-transparent financial centers in aiding graft.

CPI Table
Country Rank Country 2006 CPI Score Surveys used Confidence range:

1 Finland 9.6 7 9.4 - 9.7
1 Iceland 9.6 6 9.5 - 9.7
1 New Zealand 9.6 7 9.4 - 9.6
4 Denmark 9.5 7 9.4 - 9.6
5 Singapore 9.4 9 9.2 - 9.5
6 Sweden 9.2 7 9.0 - 9.3
7 Switzerland 9.1 7 8.9 - 9.2
8 Norway 8.8 7 8.4 - 9.1
9 Australia 8.7 8 8.3 - 9.0
9 Netherlands 8.7 7 8.3 - 9.0
11 Austria 8.6 7 8.2 - 8.9
11 Luxembourg 8.6 6 8.1 - 9.0
11 United Kingdom 8.6 7 8.2 - 8.9
14 Canada 8.5 7 8.0 - 8.9
15 Hong Kong 8.3 9 7.7 - 8.8
16 Germany 8.0 7 7.8 - 8.4
17 Japan 7.6 9 7.0 - 8.1
18 France 7.4 7 6.7 - 7.8
18 Ireland 7.4 7 6.7 - 7.9
20 Belgium 7.3 7 6.6 - 7.9
20 Chile 7.3 7 6.6 - 7.6
20 USA 7.3 8 6.6 - 7.8
23 Spain 6.8 7 6.3 - 7.2
24 Barbados 6.7 4 6.0 - 7.2
24 Estonia 6.7 8 6.1 - 7.4
26 Macao 6.6 3 5.4 - 7.1
26 Portugal 6.6 7 5.9 - 7.3
28 Malta 6.4 4 5.4 - 7.3
28 Slovenia 6.4 8 5.7 - 7.0
28 Uruguay 6.4 5 5.9 - 7.0
31 United Arab Emirates 6.2 5 5.6 - 6.9
32 Bhutan 6.0 3 4.1 - 7.3
32 Qatar 6.0 5 5.6 - 6.5
34 Israel 5.9 7 5.2 - 6.5
34 Taiwan 5.9 9 5.6 - 6.2
36 Bahrain 5.7 5 5.3 - 6.2
37 Botswana 5.6 6 4.8 - 6.6
37 Cyprus 5.6 4 5.2 - 5.9
39 Oman 5.4 3 4.1 - 6.2
40 Jordan 5.3 7 4.5 - 5.7
41 Hungary 5.2 8 5.0 - 5.4
42 Mauritius 5.1 5 4.1 - 6.3
42 South Korea 5.1 9 4.7 - 5.5
44 Malaysia 5.0 9 4.5 - 5.5
45 Italy 4.9 7 4.4 - 5.4
46 Czech Republic 4.8 8 4.4 - 5.2
46 Kuwait 4.8 5 4.0 - 5.4
46 Lithuania 4.8 6 4.2 - 5.6
49 Latvia 4.7 6 4.0 - 5.5
49 Slovakia 4.7 8 4.3- 5.2
51 South Africa 4.6 8 4.1 - 5.1
51 Tunisia 4.6 5 3.9 - 5.6
53 Dominica 4.5 3 3.5 - 5.3
54 Greece 4.4 7 3.9 - 5.0
55 Costa Rica 4.1 5 3.3 - 4.8
55 Namibia 4.1 6 3.6 - 4.9
57 Bulgaria 4.0 7 3.4 - 4.8
57 El Salvador 4.0 5 3.2 - 4.8
59 Colombia 3.9 7 3.5 - 4.7
60 Turkey 3.8 7 3.3 - 4.2
61 Jamaica 3.7 5 3.4 - 4.0
61 Poland 3.7 8 3.2 - 4.4
63 Lebanon 3.6 3 3.2 - 3.8
63 Seychelles 3.6 3 3.2 - 3.8
63 Thailand 3.6 9 3.2 - 3.9
66 Belize 3.5 3 2.3 - 4.0
66 Cuba 3.5 3 1.8 - 4.7
66 Grenada 3.5 3 2.3 - 4.1
69 Croatia 3.4 7 3.1 - 3.7
70 Brazil 3.3 7 3.1 - 3.6
70 China 3.3 9 3.0 - 3.6
70 Egypt 3.3 6 3.0 - 3.7
70 Ghana 3.3 6 3.0 - 3.6
70 India 3.3 10 3.1 - 3.6
70 Mexico 3.3 7 3.1 - 3.4
70 Peru 3.3 5 2.8 - 3.8
70 Saudi Arabia 3.3 3 2.2 - 3.7
70 Senegal 3.3 5 2.8 - 3.7
79 Burkina Faso 3.2 5 2.8 - 3.6
79 Lesotho 3.2 5 2.9 - 3.6
79 Moldova 3.2 7 2.7 - 3.8
79 Morocco 3.2 6 2.8 - 3.5
79 Trinidad and Tobago 3.2 5 2.8 - 3.6
84 Algeria 3.1 5 2.7 - 3.6
84 Madagascar 3.1 5 2.3 - 3.7
84 Mauritania 3.1 4 2.1 - 3.7
84 Panama 3.1 5 2.8 - 3.3
84 Romania 3.1 8 3.0 - 3.2
84 Sri Lanka 3.1 6 2.7 - 3.5
90 Gabon 3.0 4 2.4 - 3.3
90 Serbia 3.0 7 2.7 - 3.3
90 Suriname 3.0 4 2.7 - 3.3
93 Argentina 2.9 7 2.7 - 3.2
93 Armenia 2.9 6 2.7 - 3.0
93 Bosnia and Herzgegovina 2.9 6 2.7 - 3.1
93 Eritrea 2.9 3 2.2 - 3.5
93 Syria 2.9 3 2.3 - 3.2
93 Tanzania 2.9 7 2.7 - 3.1
99 Dominican Republic 2.8 5 2.4 - 3.2
99 Georgia 2.8 6 2.5 - 3.0
99 Mali 2.8 7 2.5 - 3.3
99 Mongolia 2.8 5 2.3 - 3.4
99 Mozambique 2.8 7 2.5 - 3.0
99 Ukraine 2.8 6 2.5 - 3.0
105 Bolivia 2.7 6 2.4 - 3.0
105 Iran 2.7 3 2.3 - 3.1
105 Libya 2.7 3 2.4 - 3.2
105 Macedonia 2.7 6 2.6 - 2.9
105 Malawi 2.7 7 2.5 - 3.0
105 Uganda 2.7 7 2.4 - 3.0
111 Albania 2.6 5 2.4 - 2.7
111 Guatemala 2.6 5 2.3 - 3.0
111 Kazakhstan 2.6 6 2.3 - 2.8
111 Laos 2.6 4 2.0 - 3.1
111 Nicaragua 2.6 6 2.4 - 2.9
111 Paraguay 2.6 5 2.2 - 3.3
111 Timor-Leste 2.6 3 2.3 - 3.0
111 Viet Nam 2.6 8 2.4 - 2.9
111 Yemen 2.6 4 2.4 - 2.7
111 Zambia 2.6 6 2.1 - 3.0
121 Benin 2.5 6 2.1 - 2.9
121 Gambia 2.5 6 2.3 - 2.8
121 Guyana 2.5 5 2.2 - 2.6
121 Honduras 2.5 6 2.4 - 2.7
121 Nepal 2.5 5 2.3 - 2.9
121 Phillipines 2.5 9 2.3 - 2.8
121 Russia 2.5 8 2.3 - 2.7
121 Rwanda 2.5 3 2.3 - 2.6
121 Swaziland 2.5 3 2.2 - 2.7
130 Azerbaijan 2.4 7 2.2 - 2.6
130 Burundi 2.4 5 2.2 - 2.6
130 Central African Republic 2.4 3 2.2 - 2.5
130 Ethiopia 2.4 7 2.2 - 2.6
130 Indonesia 2.4 10 2.2 - 2.6
130 Papua New Guinea 2.4 4 2.3 - 2.6
130 Togo 2.4 3 1.9 - 2.6
130 Zimbabwe 2.4 7 2.0 - 2.8
138 Cameroon 2.3 7 2.1 - 2.5
138 Ecuador 2.3 5 2.2 - 2.5
138 Niger 2.3 5 2.1 - 2.6
138 Venezuela 2.3 7 2.2 - 2.4
142 Angola 2.2 5 1.9 - 2.4
142 Congo, Republic 2.2 4 2.2 - 2.3
142 Kenya 2.2 7 2.0 - 2.4
142 Kyrgyzstan 2.2 6 2.0 - 2.6
142 Nigeria 2.2 7 2.0 - 2.3
142 Pakistan 2.2 6 2.0 - 2.4
142 Sierra Leone 2.2 3 2.2 - 2.3
142 Tajikistan 2.2 6 2.0 - 2.4
142 Turkmenistan 2.2 4 1.9 - 2.5
151 Belarus 2.1 4 1.9 - 2.2
151 Cambodia 2.1 6 1.9 - 2.4
151 Côte d’Ivoire 2.1 4 2.0 - 2.2
151 Equatorial Guinea 2.1 3 1.7 - 2.2
151 Uzbekistan 2.1 5 1.8 - 2.2
156 Bangladesh 2.0 6 1.7 - 2.2
156 Chad 2.0 6 1.8 - 2.3
156 Congo, Democratic Republic 2.0 4 1.8 - 2.2
156 Sudan 2.0 4 1.8 - 2.2
160 Guinea 1.9 3 1.7 - 2.1
160 Iraq 1.9 3 1.6 - 2.1
160 Myanmar 1.9 3 1.8 - 2.3
163 Haiti 1.8 3 1.7 - 1.8

Photo: President Kabbah of Sierra Leone.

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